Standard 1

Standard 1: Scientific and Theoretical Knowledge

Physical education teacher candidates know and apply discipline-specific and theoretical concepts critical to the development of physically educated individuals.

Element 1.2 Describe and apply motor learning and psychological/behavioral theory related to skillful movement, physical activity, and fitness.

Artifact: Motor Behavior EXS 297 Project

Date: Fall 2013


This artifact was completed as part of a final project for EXS 297 Motor Behavior.  For the final lab in Motor Behavior we were assigned the task of creating a real life scenario and applying theories from our class and previous labs to help a pretend subject reach a desired goal.  The scenario and subject my group created was Allen Iverson who is a middle school volleyball player determined to make the varsity team when he gets to high school.  We focused on his jump serve and made a practice schedule that utilized motor behavior concepts such as repetition and rehearsal.  The theory I focused on was transfer.  As you can see from the artifact positive transfer was an important part to focus on when helping our subject Allen Iverson with his jump serve.

This artifact relates to standard 1 because it demonstrates my knowledge and shows it in application of a real life scenario. As a physical educator using theory from classes to help guide my lessons defend the reasoning behind my lesson and planning is crucial. As I grow as an educator I will use current theories to enhance my teaching.


Link to Word Document: Motor Behavior Transfer Essay


Transfer in sports skills and in practice can take many forms it can be positive, negative or zero. Positive transfer would help a learner with new skill where negative transfer would hinder the learning of a new skill.

Background transfer of learning facilitates the efficient mastery of various skills without practicing all possible sensory-motor repertoires, (Shinichi, Ayumi, Noriko 2013) when there is transfer from a previous skill that it positive. Positive transfer can be found in many different things such as football catching to rugby catching. If an individual had a progressive experience with football that skill and knowledge would transfer over into rugby. However, transference of declarative knowledge is higher than that of procedural knowledge (Joaquin, Francisco-Javier 2011) so when an individual goes to learn the new skill for a different sport they might be able to describe their knowledge but not know as much about the procedure. The procedure for the jump serve is crucial.

Allen Iverson needs to work on his jump serve for volleyball tryouts. Since Allen is already on the volleyball team in his middle school he has knowledge of the skill and the sport that can transfer into his practice of the skill. Allen has experience jumping and hitting the ball which he needs to just combine to be able to perform a jump serve. This is positive transfer because the previous knowledge and experience will help aid him and help Allen become more successful when he goes to learn the jump serve. Transfer is something that will help Allen work on and learn the jump serve so he can perform well when he goes to try out for the varsity high school team. His previous serving experience will also help.